Many water-related incidents occur each year. These frequently involve young children, but adults can also be victims. Water-related incidents include not only drowning, but near drowning, which can leave the victim severely brained damaged. Also, diving from other than designated areas can cause head and spinal cord injuries if the victim strikes his/her head on the bottom. Permanent paralysis can result. Alcohol consumption may precipitate water-related incidents by impairing judgment.
- Adults, as well as children, should never swim alone. Children must always be directly supervised by an adult.
- Provide approved life-saving equipment, such as a pole with a hook or a Styrofoam ring, in the pool area.
- Persons supervising others should know cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).
- Interior perimeter pool fences should be installed. Fences should be at least 4 1/2 feet in height, with self-closing and self-latching gates, which should be checked frequently. Vertical bars should not be spaced more than four inches apart.
- Keep pool area free of toys and other objects that might attract children.
- Keep tables and chairs away from the outside of the interior perimeter fence, so children cannot climb over the fence by using furniture or other objects.
- Do not allow pets in the pool area when young children are present.
Post pool rules conspicuously and enforce them. Suggested rules include:
- Children must always be directly supervised by a responsible adult.
- Rules addressing the consumption of alcoholic beverages should be considered.
- Roughhousing is not allowed.
- Dive only from the diving board, not from the side of the pool.
- Gates must be closed after entering or exiting the pool area; never prop them open.
- Glass containers are not allowed in the pool area.
It is recommended a telephone be near the pool, with 9-1-1 posted for emergencies.